Bunion: cause, photo, symptoms, and treatment

Hallux valgus has to occur, its causes and symptoms. Consider the methods of treatment of the given disease study.

valgus deformity in children

The diagnosis of the foot Hallux valgus the most common modification to the front of the foot and toes. 23% of people aged 18 to 65 years of age and more than 35% of those older than 65 years have this diagnosis. Thumb inside the outer edge of the foot, bulging, pressure on the Shoe.

Description of the disease

Hallux valgus is almost always deviations is shown to the outer edge of the foot. So no more tendon in the big toe parallel. Instead, a deviation from the Norm develops. This is causing a growing, and usually painful inflammation in the Form of projections of the joint.

Plano-valgus foot deformity is metatarsus is a type of Deformation with displacement. It is on rotation of the heel pointed to the outside.

Variety Disease

The diagnosis of Hallux valgus deformity of the foot can be in various degrees:

  • Beveled sock, Bouillon thumb is bent, which on the outer edge of the foot.
  • Ganglion is the projection of the joint, that makes him push from the inside edge of the foot.
  • Flatfoot the occurrence of the anterior arch of the foot (arc lateral).

Cosmetic or medical Problem

In the early stages, many believe the deformation is only a cosmetic Problem. In the course of time, the deformation increased. But to increase damage of the joint and the front part of the foot. Therefore, the treatment of the Hallux valgus deformity of the foot is, it is in the early position correction of the big toe, with the help of the exercises on the feet, Spikes, or surgery.

Many of those who suffer - at least in an early stage, and consider it as a cosmetic Problem and is noticeable when wearing shoes with open toes. Valgus deformity should not affect the daily life.

How to develop a valgus deformity

Often the Problem is due to wearing shoes with high heels. You push the whole body weight on the front part of the foot and boosts the pressure on the joints. The front arch of the foot (arc lateral). The ends of the toes on the floor. The stretching of the tendons leading to the thumb onions clean from the joint - like, curving pigtail of the interior, to the other fingers.

Fitting toes, displaced thumb, which flows to the inside, and then deformed. The tendon of the big toe is at an angle to the joint. Sesame legs, the tendons for the control of the toe, asymmetrical toe, but clearly moved. Sock, from the joint rotates, in the same way as the onion more and more tensioned string.

Sesame Legs, Your Role

Valgus deformity of the big toe leads to changes of the foot. The Deformation in the bone is also very noticeable. These tiny bones hung free several tendons and form a support for you. Sesamoid bone below the joint, in General, the bending of the foot in between them. In the case of Hallux valgus, these bones are prejudiced against. The more you pushed, the more Deformation is pronounced.

If these sesame-legs will not work in the joints of the big toe, the normal process of the movement of the big toe when walking is disturbed. More and more burdens on the other fingers.

Causes of Hallux valgus: injuries, fashionable shoes, and a weak connective tissue. Lifestyle or nature? About 90% of the patients have inherited the disease. And yet the cause is not simply inborn.

Congenital weakness of the connective tissue also affects the tendon. Changes in the structure of the foot, which can contribute to casual and other injuries of the foot, such as fractures, deformation. Also inflammatory changes in the joints (Arthritis) may be the cause of the deformation. Women suffer the most due to weaker connective tissue. Crooked posture also leads to the emergence of such a disease, such as injuries. Some neurological disorders to the disease.

Other factors associated with Stress, promote the development of deformation - the presence of obesity. The speed of development of deformation increases significantly with age. However, some very young women and men also have this disease. Then the cause of the disease is definitely no congestion of the legs and the genetics.

Foot deformities

Peculiarities of diagnosis and treatment

Operation for Hallux valgus the Hallux valgus is assigned to the diagnosis. An x-ray image shows the pathology of the bones, which you do not between them hold the thumb, and, instead, lie in the vicinity. Orthopedist in General, the deformation will detect during visual inspection of the legs. Valgus deformity is often due to a significantly increased angle. In patients with hallux valgus associated deformities of the foot arise in the rule.

The first, to determine what is the angle of the legs: a defect along the arch of the foot. Here, the doctor identifies the X-position of the heel, wherein the sole of the foot rests on the floor. The doctor asks about the members of the family, there are cases of deformation.

X-rays of the foot provides additional security in the diagnosis. He shows the exact degree of deformation.

The MRI allows to determine. The position of the big toe at an angle up to 10° is considered normal. Defect, the angle of 16-20°. Moderate deformity is a deviation of 16°to 40°.

The treatment at an early stage

I can move your thumb to its normal Position after deformation? The prognosis varies depending on the stage of the disease and age group of patients. To lift in young patients, the arch, and fix the Position of the finger by means of physio-therapeutic exercises and conservative treatment.

In older patients, Deformation requires surgical intervention. Good prospects are outlined to improve.

The surgical procedure

The people are not in a hurry to drastic measures agree. The operation is the easiest method for the patient: the skin incisions to minimize scars, and the use of implants loads.

Progressive course of treatment of the foot Hallux valgus with constantly increasing deformation makes it advisable, a conservative or surgical methods of straightening of the big toe.

What is the treatment suitable for each patient, the surgeon-orthopedist will decide, taking into account the individual characteristics.

Surgical intervention is required, if available:

  • Severe pain in the legs, restriction of mobility.
  • Chronic inflammation, which also covers the small toes.
  • The increased stiffness of the big toe with the Deformation (called "Downsizing").

To choose which surgical techniques? Can I restore the normal state back? Modern Orthopaedics offers several effective options.

The treating orthopedic surgeon should discuss with the patient what the operation technique is used, in a particular case. However, almost all of the methods of the operative Intervention are determined according to the principle: be the tendons and joint capsule, to make you stretch your thumb.

Advanced Technology

In medical research a number of different surgery methods of Hallux valgus. In recent years, been developed valgus is a surgical technique that is proven at international level, but it is only a small number of clinics in Germany: the so-called minimally invasive surgery deformation.

Used for small tools with a size of only 2 mm, similar to a dentist. With your use of injury to the soft parts during the Operation can be significantly reduced. This reduces the healing time and the development of complications and the recovery of wounds is accelerated because of the small injuries of the soft parts.

Characteristics of the disease in children

Hallux valgus in children is expressed in the availability of clubfoot. This is a congenital condition that affects newborn. Deviation described in the medical literature since the time of the ancient Egyptians. "Congenital" means that the condition is present at birth and takes place during the development of the fetus. It is not uncommon, and the incidence varies greatly between the different races.

In the Caucasian population approximately one thousand children with crooked feet. In Japan, pay a two thousand, and in some countries in the South Pacific suffering seven out of a thousand babies.

The Operation in children

Surgical procedure is lengthy and complicated, but the goals are always the same. The surgeon and all of the bands to tight. Ligaments - connective tissue and connect bones. If you cut, you finally scar tissue. To the growing Baby, this scar tissue new bands that are not so tight.

As soon as the bands are relaxed, your doctor will bone of the foot can do as normal. Treatment of Hallux-valgus deformation of foot in children requires the use of Pins. Metal probes usually used to keep the bone in the correct Position. Metal pins protrude through the skin and removed by the three-to-six weeks after the Operation.

Related Methods Of Treatment

Stopping treatment in children

Thanks to the exercises, all of which contribute to the free movement of the thumb, the development of foot deformities can be effectively prevented. But very few children spend such a preventive exercises to adolescence. A conservative therapy can alleviate the symptoms.

To be effective for the prevention of disease Massage in the case of the Hallux valgus deformity of the foot. The method consists in the use of rubbing, kneading and vibration. The course is ten days to two weeks. You need to take a break on the ten-day period. The mother herself can knead the foot of the baby, or turn to the services of professional masseurs.

To prevent Hallux valgus

To avoid Hallux valgus deformity of the foot in adults, wearing high-heeled shoes every day. As often as possible, go barefoot. Exercises for the legs and strengthens the muscles.

05.09.2018